Paul Timmers is Director of the Digital Society, Trust & Security Directorate in the European Commission Communications Networks, Content and Technologies Directorate General (DG CONNECT) dealing with policy and R&I in ICT and health, ageing, public services, smart cities and cyber-security. Previously he headed the ICT for Inclusion and the eGovernment units. He was also member of the Cabinet of European Commissioner for Enterprise and Information Society. Before joining the European Commission, he was a manager in product marketing and software development in a large IT company. He also co-founded a software start-up. He holds a PhD in theoretical physics from the University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands and a MBA from Warwick Business School, UK. He has widely published in the field of technology and policy, including a book on electronic commerce strategies and business models. He was a visiting professor and lecturer at several universities and business schools across the world including an EU Research Fellow at the University of North Carolina in USA.