Jason Healey is a Senior Research Scholar at Columbia University's School for International and Public Affairs specializing in cyber conflict, competition and cooperation. Prior to this, he was the founding director of the Cyber Statecraft Initiative of the Atlantic Council where he remains a Senior Fellow. He has authored dozens of published articles and is the editor of the first history of conflict in cyberspace, A Fierce Domain: Cyber Conflict, 1986 to 2012. During his time in the White House, he was a director for cyber policy, coordinating efforts to secure US cyberspace and critical infrastructure. At Goldman Sachs, he created their first cyber incident response team and later oversaw the bank's crisis management and business continuity in Asia. He started his career as a US Air Force intelligence officer with jobs at the Pentagon and National Security Agency and is president of the Cyber Conflict Studies Association.