Richard has worked at Portcullis as Security Consultant for the last 5 years after coming late into the Industry through a background in Physics. It was the thirst for understanding how things worked which first to Physics, then later into the world of security. The training in reducing complex systems to individual, more understandable, components has translated well to penetration testing. The reverse of this proces, taking seemingly minor security flaws and combining them together to get more than what would initially seem to be the sum of their parts, is where Richards main interests lie. He enjoys producing tools for automating the monotonous tasks so that more difficult problems can be concentrated on without fear of not catching the most obvious of bugs.